The word osteoporosis comes from the word osteo- which means bones and -porosis which means to consist of pores. Osteoporosis occurs when the bones in the body begins to form tiny holes (pores) within the structure of the bone (bone matrix). The porous bones become weakened overtime and make them weak and easy to fracture. 

Osteoporosis can be caused by: 

  • Low calcium and vitamin D levels 
  • Sedentary lifestyles 
  • Changes in hormone levels (as seen in menopause) 
  • Steroid use
  • Family History 

In IBD, the biggest contributors to osteoporosis is low levels of calcium and vitamin D, and steroid use. Your doctor can test for osteoporosis to make sure your bones stay healthy and strong.

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